Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens:
Spouses; unmarried children under 21 years old; and parents. A child must be at least 21 years old to petition for his or her parent.
- FB-1: Unmarried sons and daughters of U.S. citizens (offspring over 21 years old);
- FB-2A: Spouses and children (unmarried, under 21 years old) of Lawful Permanent Residents;
- FB-2B: Unmarried sons and daughters of Lawful Permanent Residents (over 21 years old; note that there is no preference for married children of Lawful Permanent Residents);
- FB-3: Married sons and daughters of U.S. citizens;
- FB-4: Brothers and sisters of U.S. citizens (the U.S. citizen must be at least 21 years old to file a petition on behalf of his/her sibling).
Fiance/Fiancee: we assist our clients with preparing and filing fiancée petitions and consular processing.
For family-based preferences, there are annual quotas that limit the number of green cards per year for each category. As a result, all family-based preferences are backlogged, and people have to “wait in line” before they can receive their permanent resident status. In contrast, immediate relatives of the U.S. citizens are not subject to annual quotas; they do not have to “wait in line” and can obtain their permanent residence much faster.